Drawing the Triangle
28 May 2017
In 1995 global marine distributions were first compiled at a species level using a computer-based spatial database. Marine zones with the highest global coral concentrations of diversity were found in an area of a roughly triangular shape, now the present day Coral Triangle (pictured below). International attention for coral reef conservation promptly shifted from the well-documented Great Barrier Reef in Australia, to this relatively unknown region to the north. With largely unprotected reefs and high human population densities, international and government level intervention was needed. By September 2007, twenty-one world leaders meeting at the Asia Pacific Economic Cooperation Summit in Sydney, Australia, established the Coral Triangle Initiative (CTI). Shortly after, the Indonesian government formally established the CTI with the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change. Now known as The Coral Triangle Initiative on Coral Reefs, Fisheries, and Food Security (CTI-CFF) it is an internationally recognised multilateral partnership of six countries working together to sustain extraordinary marine and coastal resources. The CTI is the largest marine conservation initiative in history and efforts are still in progress to maintain and protect this unique melting pot of fish species abundance and coral reef diversity. The CTI Regional Secretariat Headquarters (pictured) is currently located in Manado, North Sulawesi, Indonesia.
Map of the Coral Triangle showing the six countries, The area inside the boundary is a vast 6,000,000 square kms with Indonesia (dark blue) occupying the largest area.
©My Reef's Diary 2017